Latvian Australians are individuals of Latvian heritage who are citizens of Australia or who were born in Latvia and currently reside in Australia. According to the 2016 Census, there were 20,509 Latvian Australians. Before 1947, only a small number of Latvians had immigrated to Australia.
Between 1947 and 1952, approximately 19,700 Latvian refugees arrived in Australia as displaced persons under the International Refugee Organisation’s supervision. The first voyage of Arthur Calwell’s Displaced Persons immigration program was specifically selected to include individuals from Baltic nations who were single and predominantly blonde and blue-eyed, to appeal to the Australian public. Of the 843 immigrants on General Stuart Heintzelman, 264 were of Latvian origin.