The Estonian language is part of the Finnic branch of the Uralic language family and is closely related to Finnish and less closely related to the Sami languages. In addition to being the official language of Estonia, it is also an official language of the European Union, with approximately 1.1 million native speakers. Most of these speakers live in Estonia, but a significant minority can also be found in countries such as Russia, Sweden, Canada, and Germany.
The Estonian language uses a Latin alphabet and includes additional letters found in Nordic languages. It has been influenced by German, Swedish, Russian, and other languages throughout its history, but efforts have been made to preserve its uniqueness through language planning and standardization. Overall, Estonian is a fascinating language with a rich history and cultural significance for its speakers.