The Bosnian Language
Bosnian is a standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian pluricentric language, spoken mainly by ethnic Bosniaks. It is one of the official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is also recognized as a minority language in Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Kosovo.
Bosnian uses both the Latin and Cyrillic alphabets, but Latin is more commonly used. It is notable for its Arabic, Persian, and Turkish loanwords due to Islamic ties. Bosnian is based on the Eastern Herzegovinian dialect of Serbo-Croatian, which is also the basis for standard Croatian, Serbian, and Montenegrin varieties.
Additionally, the common language of Croats, Serbs, Bosniaks, and Montenegrins was declared in 2017 in Sarajevo, replacing the previous term Serbo-Croatian.